3 ways to make disciples through Sunday school

Sunday school isn’t dead in most churches – but it needs some vitamins, or some oxygen, or a disciplestransfusion. You know the kind of Sunday school I’m talking about, right? If you just thought, “That’s my Sunday school,” then this blog post is for you and your church. If your Sunday school is making disciples, then close this window and read something else. I teach a Sunday school class at my church, and I’m asking myself the question, “Am I really making disciples through my ministry as a teacher?” This question has haunted me as of late. I don’t want to be “that guy” who teaches my group members lots of interesting facts and factoids so I can hear them “ooh” and “aahh” when I tell them something they’ve not previously heard. I want to be obedient to Jesus’ command to “go and make disciples.” How about you?

It is my observation and opinion that Sunday school has morphed into an information-dispensing ministry in way too many churches. While I know that people need information about the Bible, that cannot be the end game. The real goal of Sunday school is to make disciples. Disciples follow. Disciples sacrifice. Disciples are fanatical. Disciples are committed. Disciples are unwavering. Disciples are life-long learners. Disciples lead. Disciples grow…sometimes beyond their teacher. Does this describe the average person in your group? In your Sunday school? If not, perhaps it’s time to re-think why your Sunday school exists. Robby Gallaty, pastor and author of Growing Up: How to Make Disciples Who Make Disciples, says in that book, “When the church becomes an end in itself, it ends. When Sunday school, as great as it is, becomes an end in itself, it ends. When small groups ministry becomes an end in itself, it ends. When the worship service becomes an end in itself, it ends. What we need is for discipleship to become the goal, and then the process never ends. The process is fluid. It is moving. It is active. It is a living thing. It must continue to go on. Every disciple must make disciples.” To make disciples through a Sunday school ministry, at least three things need to happen, probably more, but these are at least a starting point for creating disciples through your Sunday school ministry:

  1. Groups must get smaller – Discipleship happens when small groups of people come together. Jesus’ model seems to be two primary groups: (1) a group of 3 (often referred to as “His inner circle” of disciples), and (2) the twelve disciples. It is true He sometimes spoke to very large crowds (Sermon on the Mount, in the temple courtyards, etc), but his normal way to make disciples was to do so in small groups. This has the advantage of allowing the teacher to know his learners and what each one needs to grow and progress in becoming more Christ-like.
  2. Teachers must stop talking – Disciple-making teachers know that people they teach need to be allowed to talk, and encouraged to talk, at least as much as they do. For some teachers, this is heretical. Somewhere along the way, teachers have adopted a mentality that says, “I’m the expert, and you’re not – so listen to what I have to say.” It’s true that teachers often study for many hours in preparation to teach their group members – and that is highly commendable and appropriate. But what is truly effective in a learning setting is when teachers becomes guides and lead their people to discuss deep truths, wrestle with things presented in Scripture, and challenge assumptions and actions. Ed Stetzer, VP at LifeWay and leader of LifeWay Research, has said that every Bible study should be a “groupalogue.” By that he meant that each person in a Bible study group should be allowed to talk, and even encouraged to talk. Without that, the class ends up being a place for a dialogue (the teacher and one student tend to dominate) or even worse, it becomes a setting in which a monologue takes place weekly (the teacher simply becomes the talking head).
  3. Churches must answer the “why” question – Before discipleship can take place through the Sunday school, it is helpful and necessary for church leaders, group leaders, and group members to wrestle with the reason Sunday school exists in the first place. Fellowship, Bible study, ministry, and outreach are all part of what Sunday school seeks to accomplish, but they are not and end in themselves. The real goal of Sunday school should be to see disciples made – that’s really why Sunday school exists in the first place. But over the years, unless someone in the church is a strong advocate for this, it can get drift and get off track, becoming a place where fellowship or some other element is lifted up to the detriment of discipleship. Sunday school can be a place where we mistakenly think it’s working properly if people are learning lots of new facts and information – which we substitute for having obedient, reproducing disciples.

Jim Putnam, in his book DiscipleShift: 5 Steps That Help Your Church To Make Disciples, says, “The vision is that the church’s primary mission is to create disciples who create other disciples, just as Jesus intended us to do. It’s helping people see that the church isn’t a social club, it’s not a hospital, it’s not a university, and it’s not a big show. The church is a community that is developing people who follow Jesus, are changed by Jesus, and then join Jesus on his mission.”

I’ll talk more about this issue in future blog posts. Sunday school is called on to do lots of things for the church, and for the most part it has answered the call in many churches to be a place of teaching, fellowship, ministry, and outreach. Help your church take Sunday school to a different level entirely as a place where discipleship occurs. It’s past time to make the main thing the main thing again.




  1. Thanks for sharing! I am thinking thru’ a session I am developing for the Sunday School teacher being a disciple…

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