Reopening the Church: 4 Phases for an Orderly Return

Ever since the country learned that states were going to begin reopening businesses and commerce, the church has been elated that it will once again be able to gather together again very soon. Anticipation is high, although concerns remain about just how quickly to get “back to normal.”

I don’t know of any church leader who is looking to reopen with a “business as usual” mindset. We could rush in where angels fear to tread, but why? Perhaps we should apply I Corinthians 14:40-43 to our present situation: “Let everything be done decently and in order…since God is not a God of disorder…” While the verses refer to orderliness in the worship service, the principle of orderliness in God’s house can be applied to the church’s return to its facilities.

This is our moment to celebrate our return not just to the campus, but to one another. As we return to one another on campus and in our Bible study groups, orderliness and thoughtfulness will win the day. We are shepherds of God’s people. As shepherds, one of our chief roles is that of protector. Shepherds in biblical times had to be prepared to defend the flock against predators and thieves. Shepherds were temporary stewards of their master’s sheep, and we are no different. As church leaders, we shepherd God’s people, and a large part of our role is to protect, to anticipate, and to act on behalf of the sheep entrusted to us by God.

To be orderly and not disorderly, let’s think about reopening the church in four phases. What I am about to suggest will not work in every church everywhere. The four phases will make sense in many congregations as-is; others will want and need to tweak them to fit their context. I encourage you to adjust the four phases below to fit your church. Move items from one phase to another. Move some up, others down. But develop a phase-in plan that you and your congregants can accept.

There will be some overlap in the phases below. One phase will prepare the way for the next, but each phase will continue to build on previous ones. Ultimately we will succeed in returning to our church buildings. I believe ultimately we will be a better church. We’re already reaching more people online in both worship and in Bible study groups – I hear that from leaders all over the country. We’ve pivoted quickly as the church, and we are learning new ways of ministry.

Small churches, large churches, and every size in between are going to look back on this moment in church history and remember these days – they are days of a paradigm shift that we haven’t seen before. My mother once told me she could vividly remember what she was doing when she heard that President Kennedy had been assassinated. I can remember what I was doing when I learned the Challenger had exploded on liftoff. I imagine you remember what you were doing when you learned the twin towers had collapsed because of terrorist attacks. We will all remember COVID-19 and how it changed us and our churches.

The four phases below may provide a loose framework around which you begin planning for the future. Make these your own. Listen to the leaders at the CDC. Look to the leaders of your state government and follow their directions (states will vary, which requires you adjust your phase-in). Add content. Delete content. Reorganize the phases if you have a better idea. The goal is to “do things decently and in order” and to have a plan that you work as a congregation. Be flexible, and adapt as needed.

Phase 1

Key Focus: Returning to the Church Building

Key Issues in this Phase:

  • State leaders will set guidelines; states will be different in their approaches and timelines
  • Churches may start with a worship-only strategy for several months
  • Limited worship attendance (100 people at a time?) may be mandated by state leaders
  • Addition of more worship services to allow for physical distancing may be required
  • Children and preschool ministries may be limited by states for a time; parents take children to “big church”
  • Older volunteers might be hesitant to return before a vaccine is available
  • Doors to the church are propped open to avoid contact with handles
  • Restrooms may remain closed? Some states are already advising this.
  • Bulletins are not passed out; announcements made via PowerPoint
  • Worship centers will be sanitized between services
  • A new way of collecting the offering will have to be considered (boxes placed strategically around the worship center and lobby?)
  • Live broadcasts via Facebook Live or other online services continue and are perfected to accommodate those who are not willing to return
  • An overflow room for worshipers may be required; when maximum allowed attendance is reached, send people to the overflow room, or ask them to return for the next worship service
  • Church leaders will continue to help parents disciple children in the home
  • Decisions made about how to safely administer the Lord’s Supper, baptisms, and the invitation
  • Plan for entering and exiting the building must be developed (one entrance, dismiss by rows?)
  • Decide what you will do about weddings, use of facilities by outside groups, etc.
  • Bible study groups continue to grow in their use of Zoom or other online meeting tools – they return in the next phase

Phase 2

Key Focus: Groups begin meeting again on campus

Key Issues in this Phase:

  • Space…physical distancing may necessitate the starting of new groups so people can practice physical distancing in smaller spaces; new groups may be started on days besides Sunday in order to have space to meet
  • Additional hours/options for groups to meet (some churches that are out of space will need to begin a second or third hour of Bible study) should be considered prior to this phase
  • Some workers who are older may take a sabbatical for safety
  • Classrooms must be sanitized at greater levels than ever before
  • Teachers will need new kinds of training to help them learn best practices for sanitizing rooms & children’s toys
  • Some traditional ministries may take place in alternative ways (see the article by LifeWay with alternatives for conducting VBS)
  • Classroom attendance will be limited to allow physical distancing
  • If Children’s Church is a ministry that was suspended, decisions will be made about how to practice physical distancing when it resumes
  • Adult and student rooms get tech upgrades (wall-mounted flat screen televisions and appropriate cables will allow groups to use Zoom technology to provide a live experience for group members who are not comfortable coming back to the campus); new people can be reached online, too
  • Creation of special “online only” groups that can be new front doors to people seeking to connect with the church; recruit new teachers who are tech-savvy and enjoy the challenge of leading a virtual group

Phase 3

Key Focus: Regaining Strength and Ministries

Key Issues:

  • People continue to return to worship and Bible study groups; the church continues to have a growing online presence
  • Budget preparation and congregational approval of next fiscal budget occurs; some ministries may have to be cut. Churches will wrestle philosophically about what continues and what ceases.
  • Fall Festival decision – can the church host this safely?
  • Thanksgiving – will the church have a fellowship meal if it has in the past? Could this be too early for such a large gathering of people? Consider canceling.
  • Christmas – will there be a need for additional services? Will choirs be able to rehearse in close proximity to present seasonal music, cantatas, etc? How will you prepare families to celebrate Advent and have home worship during December?
  • Ministry to struggling families and individuals may increase. Job loss, COVID-19 addictions (alcohol/pornography) may require counseling to help people cope with depression and poor decisions made during the time of physical isolation
  • Benevolence ministry may need additional volunteers to meet needs
  • New Year’s – hope can be instilled in God’s people/find the brighter tomorrow/cast vision for 2021
  • Be open and transparent with the congregation about any budget shortfalls, cuts, and adjustments

Phase 4

Key Focus: Celebration

Key Issues:

  • Give people hope
  • Look back and celebrate the victories and progress in ministry, outreach, attendance, etc. from May 2020 onward
  • Challenge the congregation to remain flexible and open to new ways of “doing church”
  • Find God’s hand of deliverance and guidance and celebrate His leadership of the church
  • Continue to help moms and dads disciple their children in the home
  • Anticipate and plan for summer ministries such as VBS, camps, mission trips, etc. Talk about them as a church family.
  • Things will begin to feel like they are getting back to normal
  • Celebrate increases in worship and Bible study attendance year-over-year. Help the people see the good that has come from COVID-19

As you can see, these lists are not exhaustive, but representative of things we will all have to decide as we return to the building and reopen the church. I encourage you to copy and paste these lists into a Word document so you can add and delete phases or items within a phase. use this as a starting point for developing a plan for the way you believe God is leading your church to reopen.

To see a list of 24 questions the church should be answering now about COVID-19 related issues, click here to jump to my April 18 blog post.

The Georgia Baptist Convention has a helpful list of things to consider as you reopen your church. Click here to jump to their basic guide for returning to your church.


  1. Thank you for these timely and relevant helps as we deal with the next steps in gathering and ministry!

    • Randy, you are welcome. I serve as a part-time associate pastor and we are working through this like everyone else. Lots and lots of questions and options. Too many!

  2. Phasing our comeback, I believe, is going to be a real challenge for many who are anxious and ready for “the return.” However, sober, well thought out, prayerful steps must be taken in order to serve the church and honor God. Thank you for your “thoughtful’ suggestions. I have added this article to my resources to share and help us plan.

    • Marcus, thank you! Hope the questions stir conversations and help you keep your people safe on re-entry!

  3. Ken. THANK YOU for these two very helpful and eye-opening articles on re-opening our churches. I have shared both the 18th and the 22nd articles with my church leadership. We are planning to have a general discussion about these tomorrow. So again, thank you for your thoughtful insight into this very important matter!

    • Fred, I am glad you found them helpful! I’m releasing a second set at 10:00AM this Saturday. If you don’t subscribe to my blog, sign up at and it will automatically be sent to you. Blessings, sir!

  4. Thank you Ken.
    We are aware that things would not be normal at least for sometime and therefore I was discussing with our pastoral staff and elders for the last three weeks. The topic was what and how would things be in Post-Corona time? and how our church could plan ahead to normalize things step by step?

    Surely, you have brought us some wonderful insights and thank you so much for that.


    Pastor Efrem Leakemariam
    Ethiopian Evangelical Church in Toronto

    • Pastor Efrem, thanks for the encouraging note! I’m releasing a Part 2 list on Saturday at 10am CST.

  5. Outstanding, boss. We were actually thinking of phase one being small groups, since we’ve been able to (more or less) replicate the worship experience online, but small group connection has been the void. Do you see any scenario where that is possible?

    • I think groups may be hard depending upon how large a gathering your local authorities allow. Also, how will your groups practice physical distancing? Can you take out half the chairs and still get enough seating for people? You might have to add an hour of SS to make room. My big concern is for the preschoolers and kids…you may have to limit their attendance as well. Some churches are saying 5 to a room max. Lots to think about for sure

  6. Our church leaders have had a couple meetings in regards to reopening. This is a sore spot, our bishop has ask for mask to be worn. We are getting feed back from some parishioners that if we have to wear mask we are not coming. So what do we do if people come say this is where I worship I not wear a mask. We don’t want confrontation at the door. What is the best way to deal with this situation?

    • Mitch, your church is not alone. Mine is also divided over the mask/no mask issue. So are many churches around the country. Could your church have a “mask required” service and a “mask optional” service? My church is doing this, and I hear a number of churches are taking this approach. That way both groups can worship on campus. I would also suggest your pastor follow the state’s guidelines and the CDC’s guidelines, which it sounds like he is. Our governor and the CDC strongly encourage masks be worn in public, and we want to submit to our government’s leaders. And Hebrews 13:17 says we are to submit to our pastors as well. Sometimes people need to be reminded of those things.

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